Everything is conditioned by the perception of the one who experiences this or that event. The perception of reality is influenced by the so – called “Vritti”-fluctuations of the mind, about which Patanjali writes in the yoga sutras. There are five types of Vritti. This is what Patanjali writes in the Sutra of the sixth Chapter of the first: right knowledge, wrong knowledge, fantasy, dream and memories. One type of Vritti – Viparyaya is false knowledge.
In Sanskrit “viparyaya” means “false knowledge”or” wrong knowledge”. The concept of “Viparyaya” Patanjali reveals in the Sutra of the eighth Chapter of the first. A. Bailey’s translation of the Sutra reads as follows:”Wrong knowledge is based on the perception of form, and not on the state of being.” That is, with this perception, the person behind the form does not see the essence. Continue reading